The arid capital city of Sudan, at the junction of the White Nile and Blue Nile, merits a stay of at least two nights. It's an interesting place to walk around, shop and people-watch. Take a ride on the Nile (in Khartoum or nearby Omdurman – Native Capital), then visit the National Museum (antiquities from around the country), ethnological museum (tribal artifacts), natural-history museum (local bird and wild-game displays) and Sunut Forest (near the Khartoum Hilton - a favorite spot for picnics). The most fascinating sight is the juncture of the White and Blue Niles. After spending time at the confluence, take a ferry to Tuti Island for a look at a typical rural village. Consider excursions to Jebel Aulia Dam (great spot for bird-watching, fishing, picnics and people-watching) and the Sabaloka Gorge (the Nile's Sixth Cataract ).
Capital of Equatoria Province and terminus for Nile steamers, Juba is a place to visit just to say you've been there and it is one of the most beautiful areas in southern Sudan, the nature of the place will make you feel the warmth of Africa, You will enjoy the beautiful nature of mountains and the Nile side of Bahr El Jabal.
Nyala (Daju: "the place of chatting or a theatre") is the capital of South Darfur state in the western part of the Sudan. Nyala is located at elevation 673 m in the Darfur historical region. Local industries produce textiles, as well as processed food, and leather goods. Nyala has terminus ends for both road and railway, and also has a domestic airport. It serves as a trading place for gum arabic and has branches of the Agricultural Bank of Sudan and the Peoples Cooperative Bank.
Located on the south western border that Sudan shares with the neighbouring republic of Chad. It is the hometown of the Messalit tribe and a transit and customs outpost for persons travelling overland to Chad, Cameroon, Niger and other countries of western Africa. A prosperous trade exists between the markets of these countries and that of El Geneina, which acts as an important marketing outlet for local and regional produce.
In the 18th century, El-Fashir was the main centre of the Fur Sultanate. The sultan's palace can still be seen in this western-Sudanese town, and is now a museum.
The town was also famous as the starting point of one of the most important camel caravan routes in Africa. Known as the Darb al-Arba'een, or Forty Days Road, this route carried ebony, spices, rich cloth, ivory and slaves from all parts of Africa to the Egyptian bazaars of Aswan and Asyut.
The self-proclaimed "gum arabic capital of the world," El Obeid is a fairly large desert city. It has a small history museum, two markets and, interestingly enough, one of the largest cathedrals in Africa.
Located in the eastern part of the mandate of South Darfur. It has a large population because it gathers tribes from all around Sudan therefore it is the crossroad of many civilizations. From it run roads linking western Sudan with the remaining parts. Famous as the largest market for livestock, crops and considered as one of the most important agricultural areas in Sudan.
Capital town of al-Buhayrah, Southern Region of Sudan, about 220 km northwest of Bor. Located at an elevation of 423 m, it is the agricultural centre for the surrounding areas producing cassava durra (sorghum), pulses, and cereals, as well as raising livestock. Its cottage industries include leather tanning, and sawmills and woodworking.
Malakal is the capital of the Wilayah (state) of Upper Nile, Sudan. It is located on the banks of the White Nile, just north of its confluence with the Sobat River. The town was a garrison of the northern Khartoum-based government for much of the recent civil war, but is now part of the autonomous southern region. Shilluk and Nuer are the two largest ethnic groups resident in the town, though there are also significant numbers of Dinka, Murle and other ethnic groups.
Nairobi is the most populous city is East Africa, Nairobi is currently the 13th largest African City and is now one of the most prominent cities in Africa politically and financially. Home to many companies and organizations, including the United Nations Environment Program and the UN office in Africa, Nairobi is established as a hub for business and culture. The Globalization and the world cities study group and network (GAWC) defines Nairobi as a prominent social centre.